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Driving Sustainability: Inside the KZD Standard Revolutionizing Dutch Auto Recycling

Auto Recycling World spoke to Stefan Cabri, General Secretary of Stiba, who shared insights into the standardization efforts in KZD. This initiative defines stringent criteria covering disassembly, occupational health and safety, material recycling, and quality standards within the Dutch vehicle dismantling and recycling industry. Cabri shed light on the significance of these standards in shaping sustainable practices within the sector.


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Pioneering Collaboration: The Birth of the KZD Standard

In 2001, Stiba and ARN took the initiative to develop a standard that sets out the requirements for disassembly, occupational health and safety legislation, material recycling and quality. This has become the KZD standard. Companies with a KZD certificate have demonstrably well organized the matters that KZD tests for. This provides the certainty that the company works in accordance with legal and environmental regulations and current quality standards. KZD is tested by independent certification bodies, such as SGS and Kiwa.

Requirements and Assessment Process for KZD Certification

KZD is a professional standard and quality label that is independently tested. The standard has been drawn up for and by the industry to create the opportunity for all Dutch vehicle dismantling companies to profile themselves as professional companies that take the quality of disassembly, material, recycling, and parts sales seriously.

To achieve the KZD standard, the dismantling company must meet requirements in the areas of:

  • administration (confirmation of receipt of notification from the municipality, tax liability, Chamber of Commerce registration)
  • workshop design (environmentally/health and safety friendly disassembly and disposal of waste materials as required by Dutch legislation).

According to the KZD certification scheme, the dismantling company can be assessed for this standard if the quality management system has been demonstrably operational for three months.

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KZD Certification’s Industry-wide Recognition

Both within the industry and beyond, KZD is generally recognized as the quality label for the vehicle dismantling industry. The majority of Dutch vehicle dismantling companies are KZD certified. Moreover, no other standards are accepted in the industry. This creates clarity for customers and stakeholders.

KZD Certification’s Impact on Trust and Transparency in the B2B Market for Recycled Auto Parts

The KZD standard is important for companies and private individuals who want to offer their disassembled vehicle to a trusted company or who want to use original used parts for repairs. In addition, KZD is important for government regulators, the RDW (Netherlands Vehicle Authority), the recycling network and industry organizations. Stiba requires its members to be certified according to KZD. KZD is also mandatory for car dismantling companies affiliated with ARN (Auto Recycling Netherlands). Leasing companies, insurers, and fraud fighters are also interested in a well-functioning chain, not only for a chain of recycling car materials but also to combat crime and fraud.

Tiered Certification: Understanding the Distinctions in KZD, KZDPlus, and KZD-E Standards


Dismantling companies that are certified according to KZD have been tested against a number of relevant legal regulations and requirements that apply to companies in the vehicle dismantling sector and against specific requirements in the field of waste materials for recycling. These companies also have a transparent and organized business process. 


KZDPlus consists of KZD with a number of additions; this is the highest level. Dismantling companies that meet this level not only provide certainty about the origin of a part they also ensure that all supplied parts are (visually) tested for functionality. This module requires traceability of some essential parts (such as an engine block, starter motor or onboard computer) for the purpose of combating fraud and determining the exact type of part. In addition, a minimum of three months’ warranty and delivery conditions apply from this module onwards. In addition, KZDPlus demands a more extensive degree of process control within the company. Companies from this module are demonstrably suitable suppliers (on order) for market parties such as importers, dealers and insurers.

KZD-E is a supplement to both standards with the aim of avoiding risks when working on e-vehicles by imposing requirements on:

  • The dismantling company must indicate which employees are authorized to work on hybrid/electric vehicles. The employees concerned must be in possession of a valid certificate: Safe disassembly of e-vehicles (NEN 9140) or any comparable certificate. Training in accordance with NEN9140 is the basis, with a maximum validity of five years.
  • Designation form for activities Hybrid and e-vehicles. The designation form is a form with which the entrepreneur describes which employee in the company has been designated for which work on hybrid and electric vehicles. The form has been signed for approval by the employer and employee. The form must be present at the company, be current and be submitted to the auditor.
  • Equipment. The dismantling company must have proper firefighting facilities as well as tools and personal protective equipment.

Navigating the Electric Future: Assessing the Importance and Preparedness for EV Dismantling and Recycling in the Netherlands

Stefan said: “I think that the dismantling and recycling of electric vehicles (EVs) will be an integral part of the average dismantling company in the Netherlands, especially as more EVs arrive at companies. At the moment, the numbers are not yet large. But ultimately, it will just be part of the job.”

A large number of dismantling companies have had their employees follow training courses through ARN and have purchased a basic set consisting of basic tools and personal protective equipment for disassembling a car battery.

So, in general, a large number of dismantling companies are already well prepared to dismantle EVs.

Finally, KZD is not only for car dismantling companies but also for truck dismantling, motorcycle dismantling and agricultural vehicle dismantling companies.

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