In France, the ministry in charge of the environment has just renewed its approvals concerning the four treatment networks for end-of-life vehicles (ELV) that are partners of car manufacturers until 2022.
According to the article in Decision Atelier, through the 1,700 ELV treatment centres and 60 shredders approved by the prefectures, approximately one million end-of-life vehicles (ELVs) (with the average age being over 18 years) are processed each year in France.
The European Directive 2000/53 / EC of September 18, 2000 relating to ELVs governs the management of these vehicles. At the national level, the sector is governed by articles R.543-153 of the Environmental Code. The regulations require car manufacturers to set up a network of approved ELV centres providing coverage throughout the country; these networks are approved by the minister responsible for the environment.
The ministry has just renewed the approvals until 2022. Four networks have just been approved:
- Tracauto for the brands BMW, Man, Mercedes, Mitsubishi, Ssangyong, Subaru and Volkswagen
- Galloo France for the Ford, Iveco, Mazda, PSA (Peugeot, Citroën, Opel), Suzuki and Hyundai brands
- Eco-VHU (Derichebourg) for the PSA brands (Peugeot, Citroën, Opel)
- Indra for the Renault and Kia brands.
The Fiat group is also working with Indra without the network appearing for the time being as very recently approved.
Approved LCV centres have the obligation to carry out the depollution of the vehicle (removal of batteries, catalytic converters, LPG tanks, used oils, coolants, filters, tyres, etc.), the dismantling of certain materials and the removal of reuse parts (mechanical parts, body parts) before transmitting the ELVs to shredders.
The operators of ELV centres and approved shredders have organised themselves to achieve European recycling targets. Regarding the rate of reuse and recycling, France reached the target in 2013. It stood at 86.9% in 2018. Regarding the rate of reuse and recovery, it stood at 94.2% in 2018.