The European Automobile Manufacturers’ Association’s 2023 edition of their ‘Vehicles in use’ report provides an extensive overview of vehicles on the road in the European Union, which includes passenger cars, light commercial vehicles, medium and heavy commercial vehicles, and buses. The report shows figures for the number of vehicles in use, as well as the average age, fuel type, motorisation rates and vehicle ownership.
25 countries are included in the EU, and in 2021, the number of EU passenger cars in use grew by 1.2% compared to 2020, with close to 250 million cars on the road in total. All EU countries expanded their car fleet except for Slovenia, which showed a decrease in the number of vehicles in use, from 1,253,984 in 2020 to 1,202,54 in 2021 (-4.1%). The highest growth was seen in Slovakia, with 2,444,478 in 2020 and 2,645,785 and 2021 (+8.2%).
The highest number of passenger cars, with 48,540,878, are in use in Germany. The country saw an increase of 0.6% in 2021 compared to the previous year. The least number of passenger cars in use was in Luxembourg, with 443,301, which was an increase of 1.7% in 2021 compared to 2020.
When it comes to the age of passenger cars in use in the EU, they are now, on average, 12 years old. Greece has the oldest car fleet, with vehicles 17 years old. The newest cars can be found in Luxembourg, and their vehicles were recorded as 7.6 years.
With light commercial vehicles in the EU, the average age is 12 years too. Italy has the oldest van fleet at 14 years, and the newest fleet can be found in Austria at 6.2 years old.
On average, in the EU, medium and large commercial vehicles are 14.2 years old. Greece has the oldest fleet at 22.7 years, with the newest ones found in Austria at 6.6 years old.
Regarding fuel types of passenger cars in use in the EU, the figures, according to the 2023 edition of ACEA’s ‘Vehicles in use’ report, show the following as a %:
Petrol – 51.1%
Diesel – 41.9%
Battery electric – 0.8%
Plug-in hybrid – 0.7%
Hybrid electric – 2.3%
Natural gas – 0.6%
LPG – 2.5%
Other – 0.1%
Unknown – 0.1%
To read the full report, go to www.acea.auto